Volume 2 Issue 4 April 2015

ON THE BOEING FRONT

Boeing ecoDemonstrator 757 Flight Tests Focus on Aerodynamic Efficiency

Boeing has begun several months of flights with ecoDemonstrator 757 to evaluate new technologies to improve commercial aviation’s efficiency, reduce noise and carbon emissions. Boeing is collaborating with TUI Group and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) on ecoDemonstrator 757 tests.

The 757 flight tests continue the ecoDemonstrator Program’s multi-year effort to accelerate testing, refinement and use of new technologies and methods that can improve aviation’s environmental performance.

“The ecoDemonstrator 757 furthers our commitment to accelerate innovative technologies for current and future airplane programs.” said Mike Sinnett, vice president of Product Development, Boeing Commercial Airplanes.” The Boeing ecoDemonstrator program is focused on putting new, more environmentally efficient technologies and airplanes in the hands of our customers sooner.”

757 EcoDemo

On the left wing, Boeing will evaluate technologies to reduce environmental effects on natural laminar flow as a way to improve aerodynamic efficiency. As an example, the ecoDemonstrator 757 will test a Krueger shield that can protect the leading edge from insects.

On the right wing, NASA  will test bug-phobic coating to reduce the residue left by bug strikes on the leading edges of aircraft wings; the goal is to enable more drag-reducing laminar flow over the remainder of the wing.

On the vertical tail, NASA and Boeing are testing active flow control to improve airflow over the rudder and maximize its aerodynamic  efficiency.

TUI Group, the world’s largest integrated tourism group, is collaborating with Boeing as way to reduce carbon emissions.

Source : Boeing/TUI Group/Photo

ON THE AIRBUS FRONT 

Airbus Celebrates Delivery of its 9,000th Aircraft 

240x170_1427100935_VietJetAir_first_A321_Delivery_Ceremony_in_Hamburg

Airbus has celebrated the delivery of its 9000th aircraft at a ceremony in Hamburg, Germany on March 20th 2015.The aircraft is the first A321 to be delivered to Vietnamese carrier VietJetAir and will join the carrier’s all Airbus A320 Family fleet flying on its Asia-Pacific network.

VietJetAir first took to the skies at the end of 2011 and now operates a fleet of 22 A320 Family aircraft on a network covering Vietnam and a growing number of destinations across Asia. The A321 delivered is the first of seven ordered by the airline as part of a major aircraft acquisition plan for up to 100 A320 Family aircraft announced in 2014.

d10afb2a8e

Since delivering its first A300 in 1974, Airbus has developed a comprehensive product line. Today this includes the single aisle A320 Family and the A330 twin Aisle, the A350XWB and the world’s largest aircraft the A380.

Source : Airbus/Airbus Photos

BUSINESS/REGIONAL NEWS

Bombardier to Use Additional  CSeries Aircraft

The fifth and final test vehicle for the initial CS100 version of Bombardier’s CSeries airliner has begun flying, but additional aircraft will be used in the test program in a bid to meet the target of certification toward the end of this year.

Aircraft FTV5, the first CSeries fitted with a finished interior, made its first flight from Mirabel, near Montreal,on March 18. A second followed March 19.The aircraft is being used to test passenger-related systems.

cs100-taxi-trials-courtesy-bombardier

CSeries testing has passed the 1,200 hour mark, but the total now includes flying FTV7, the first test vehicle for the stretched CS300, which made its first flight from Mirabel in February. Bombardier has said certification is expected to take around 2,400 hr.

To meet its certification target this year, Bombardier plans to use the first production CS100 in the flight-test program.

The first CS300 will also be used to fly test points for the smaller CS100, said Rob Dewar, vice president for the CSeries program. This is because of the high degree of commonality between the versions.

Firm orders for the CSeries still stand at 243 aircraft, but total commitments including options are now 603. This  includes a letter of intent to purchase 20 CS100, with options for another 20, for the new airline Flymojo announce by the Malaysian government on March 17.

Source: Flightglobal/Ed’s Research

OTHER AVIATION NEWS

Air Madagascar Re-Fleets with ATR

Air Madagascar has ordered three ATR 72-600 turboprops in a deal worth approximately $77 million, and is leasing two more of the type from Ireland based Elix Aviation Capital.

The first of the two leased aircraft was formally delivered on March 11th, with the second due to next month. The Three purchased from ATR will be delivered from 2017.

Pic-15-ATR-Air-Madagascar

The arrival of the aircraft will enable Air Madagascar to renew and expand its fleet of  ATRS, which currently consists of one ATR 42-500 and two ATR 72-500s,significantly increasing seat capacity on the carrier’s main domestic routes on the Indian Ocean island nation.

images

Air Madagascar transports nearly 600,000 passengers annually, with 75% of those on its regional or domestic network. The carrier is long standing ATR customer, having introduced its first of the type, an ATR 42-300,in 1996 and introducing the -500 since 2005.

Source: Elix Aviation Capital

Singapore Airlines Looks to Buy Korean LCC Jeju Air

Singapore flag carrier Singapore Airlines (SIA) has been in talks to buy around 20% of Korean low-cost carrier(LCC) Jeju Air in the lead up to its initial public offering later this year.

jeju-air-boeing-737-800-rf

In a statement to the Singapore Stock Exchange, SIA confirmed ”that discussions have taken place on possible equity investment in Jeju Air.” SIA added that further public announcements could be on the way.

The deal would give SIA Group considerably more access to expanding Korea-China market, where full service carriers are seeing high levels of competition from other LCCs such as Air Busan, Eastar, Jin Air and T’Way.

SIA started talks to buy into Jeju Air with its parent Aekyung Group late last year, prior to the LCC’s plan to go for a Q4 2015 IPO to raise $180 million for expansion of its fleet and network, principally deeper into China’s second tier cities. Late last month, Jeju Air introduced a new 3 weekly Daegu-Beijing service using Boeing 737-800 aircraft.

Source : ATW

GE Honda Aero Engines Receives US Approval for HF120 Production 

Honda-Aero-Engines-HF120-0914a

GE Honda Aero Engines has cleared a key milestone for its HF120 turbofan, which powers the HondaJet light twin-engined business jet, with the US Federal Aviation Administration granting production approval for its new manufacturing plant in Burlington, Massachusetts.

This validation comes more than two years after the 2,095 lb thrust engine, developed by GE Aviation and HondaJet,secured US approval. It allows the company to build the powerplant to type design specification without FAA oversight.

The $4.5 million HondaJet is the first platform for the HF120, although it has also been selected by US engineering company Sapphire for its Cessna CitationJet upgrade program.

images

HF120 production was initially performed at Ge’s Lynn, Massachusetts, facility before its transition to Burlington late last year. The 2,000 square feet plant has capacity to build 500 engines a year. It will also carry out engine maintenance, repair and overhaul work.

The HondaJet is scheduled for certification and service entry in the coming weeks. The six-seat aircraft is being assembled in nearby Greensboro, North Carolina.

Source : Flightglobal/GE Aviation

Mangoes Anyone? 

Does-anyone-else-squeeze-lemon-juice-over-their-mangoes-Ive-been-loving-this-combination-lately

This past December, LAN Cargo set a new monthly record for the transportation of mangoes from Peru to Europe, shipping 525 tons of the tropical fruit using two 767 freighters.  The mangoes were flown from Lima to Sao Paulo, there operations teams at Guarulhoes ensured that the cold chain was maintained before onward shipping to Europe.  LAN is responsible for transporting approximately 35 percent of Peruvian mangoes to Europe.  Expect tropical salads to be a big hit this year on Parisienne cafes.

Source:  Air Cargo World

LATEST NEWS IN BRIEF  

  • Rockwell Collins was selected by China Eastern Airlines to supply avionics, including Head-up Guidance System for its 20 Boeing 737NG starting in 2016.
  • Avolon delivered the first of four Boeing 787-9s to Virgin Atlantic, which has a further line in its fleet.
  • Boeing Shanghai Aviation has signed a maintenance agreement with Russia’s Transaero   Airlines for its Boeing 767s.
  • Swiss International Airlines (SWISS) has announced a commitment to purchase three additional 777-300ERs. The order will be posted on Boeing’s Order and Deliveries website when finalized.
  • ANA finalized an order for three 787-10 Dreamliners on March 2nd..  The order was announced as a commitment in January of this year.
  • Turkish Airlines has placed a firm order for four additional Airbus A330-200 freighters that will be operated by its Turkish Cargo business.
  • The Industrial & Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) has placed a firm order for 30        Commercial Aircraft Corp. of China (COMAC) ARJ 21-700 regional aircraft.
  • Vietnam Airlines’ first Airbus A350-900 aircraft has left the paint shop, revealing a new livery for the  carrier.

 yourfile

  • Qantas’s first 747-400 has flown into retirement after completing an historic ferry flight to Illawarra Regional airport on March 8th.
  • Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company (SCAC)  is going to deliver 44 Sukhoi Super Jet 100 jets in 2015.
  • BAE was selected by Boeing to supply the final piece of the revamped fly-by-wire control system on the 777X currently in development.
  • Air Tahiti Nui (ATN), the major carrier of French Polynesia, has decided to order four Boeing 787-9 aircraft to replace its fleet of Airbus A340-300.
  • Pilatus Aircraft recently delivered its 1300th turboprop PC12 to Surf Air,a private air travel club based in California.
  • Gulfstream on March 12th, the National Aeronautic Association announced GulfStream will be awarded the 2014 Robert J.Collier Trophy, ‘For the development of the Gulfstream G650 business Jet, which strengthened business aviation through significant technological in aircraft performance, cabin comfort, and Safety.”

 

AIR CARGO

EVA Refleets as Martinair Defleets

In the Netherlands, it appears that time for talking has ended, as Air France-KLM has taken the axe to subsidiary carrier Martinair. Meanwhile, on the other side of the world, Taiwan based EVA Air is looking to the future, with plans to place an order for five 777Fs.

images

The disappearance of Air France, KLM and Martinair as major players in the main-deck freight business has been underway for some time now, effectively since the Air France/KLM merger. At a press conference in mid-March, Air France-KLM announced massive job cuts at Martinair, saying that

330 employees, including 110 of the carrier’s pilots, would be let go. On the fleet side, all six Martinair’s MD-11Fs will be retired, leaving Air France-KLM with two 777Fs based in Paris operated by Air France and three 747-400Er based in Amsterdam.

EVA-747-400F-1024x768

In Taiwan EVA Air  reported strong growth in both cargo traffic and cargo revenue this year, while the carrier plans to reduce the number of freighters in its fleet, it has also made a decision to refleet with new production 777Fs. Eva Chairman Chang Kuo was recently quoted in China Times as the first phase of a massive fleet renewal will involve replacing its eight 747-400 freighters with five new 777Fs. There has been no announcement about the timing of the order but recent reports in China Aviation implies that it will be sooner, rather than later.

Source: Cargo Facts/China Times

                 Northern Air Cargo a Niche Air Cargo Carrier

As a docent at the Museum of Flight in Seattle located at Boeing Field I thought I knew most airline liveries, however, while on duty as a docent the past few weeks I kept seeing one of Northern Air Cargo planes parked not far from Clay Lacy’s hanger on the field and asking myself who is Northern Air Cargo and decided to investigate and discovered that Northern Air Cargo is the cargo carrier that assists the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race called “The Last Great Race” that has been held in Alaska since 1973.

Just like those early mushers, Northern Air Cargo (NAC), Alaska’s largest all-cargo airline, also delivers goods in support of that race that celebrates their arduous journey. This year the ceremonial start was held on March 7th in downtown Anchorage, as usual, but the actual race started in Fairbanks due to lack of snow. NAC was there in its 33rd year of ferrying about 75 tons of dog food, sleds, kennels, snow machines, chain saws, camera equipment, plywood, heaters, propane tanks, perishables and general gear to support the mushers and their dogs.

The carrier uses a 737-200 freighter and a 737-300 freighter for the race, operating one flight a day, three or four days a week, to drop supplies at three hub locations along the trail-the towns of McGrath, Unakakleet and Nome, where the race ends.

APIN321DLappANC

No stranger to flying in sub-zero conditions, NAC, founded in 1956, flies to 14 points in western and northern Alaska. One of NAC’s largest customers is the Red Dog Mine, a zinc-lead mine in Northwest Alaska near Kotzebue, which NAC has been servicing for 20 years. The oil companies that are active in Prudhoe Bay, at origination of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, are also frequent customers.

Interesting discovery on my part. I also discovered that NAC is also tied to freight routes in much warmer-even tropical climates. When Hawaii’s Aloha Airlines went bankrupt in 2008, Saltchuk Resources, which bought NAC in 2006, bought the air freight portion, Aloha Air Cargo, based in Honolulu, which is predominantly inter-island service, with one weekly frequency between Los Angeles and Hawaii. using a 767-300 freighter.

Dave Squire is the chief operating officer for both NAC and Aloha Cargo in Hawaii which make up the vast majority of Northern Air Service’s business. The company also keeps a couple of aircraft in Laredo, Texas, for expedited on demand charters, mostly carrying auto parts between the U.S. and  Mexico. Approximately 68 percent of cargo on NAC carriers freight and 32 percent is mail.

Source:   Air Cargo World/Ed’s Research

Researched and Compiled by : Ed Kaplanian

                                                              Commercial Aviation Advisor  

                                                              Contacted@kaplanianreport.com

Volume 1 Issue 3 October 2014

ON THE BOEING FRONT

Two Boeing Airplanes that Keep Creating History

Boeing has more than 12,000 commercial planes in service carrying passengers and cargo. Its strong portfolio includes the 737 family, 747 family, 767 models, 777, and the 787 Dreamliner.

The following are Boeing’s top two aircraft that played and continue to play a huge role in making the Boeing Company what it is today.

*The Narrow-Body 737

The fact that the 737 family is Boeing Commercial Airplanes’ highest-selling plane should come as no surprise.

But not so many know that the 737 is the first commercial jetliner to exceed the 10,000-order mark achievement in 2012.

The first 737-100 was delivered to Lufthansa in 1967, and it entered full service in 1968.

Boeing is currently working on the 737MAX, the reengineered version of the 737, which has firm orders for more than 2,294 as of September 20th, (not counting the commitments). The MAX is due to enter service in 2017. Last year 69% of total Boeing orders and deliveries where 737s.

Boeing’s backlog on the 737 ending June 30th stood at 5,237 aircraft according to Boeing’s website.

*The Wide-Body 777

The 777, Boeing’s second highest selling airliner in the past 12 years, is extremely popular among airlines all around the world.

The 777 program’s roots go back to 1990, the year of its launch. The jet entered service in 1995,with United Airlines, the launch customer for the 777.

At present Boeing is developing the 777’s successor, dubbed the 777X, which would consume 12% less fuel compared with competing planes, with first delivery slated for 2020.

In terms of deliveries 2013 was the best in terms of volume, with 89 deliveries. As of June 30 Boeing has a firm backlog of 339 777s. The company’s website shows that Boeing received net orders for 219 777s in 2014 through July 22, which includes Emirates order for 150 777-9Xs.

Source : Various Sources / Ed’s Research

ON THE AIRBUS FRONT 

A320neo Makes Maiden Flight


BN-ES269_airbus_G_20140925085439

On Sept. 25, 2014 the Airbus A320neo made its maiden flight, taking off from Toulouse at just past noon central European time.

Pratt&Whitney PW 1100G-JM powered MSN6101 carried a crew of five. The type also to be available with CFM International’s new Leap engine, promises to cut fuel burn by 20% compared to standard A320s, owing to the new generation engines and aerodynamic improvements including Airbus’s sharklet wingtip extensions according to Airbus.

Airbus aims to complete the flight-test program in about 2,800 flight hours, says A320neo program senior vice  president Klaus Roewe. Around 1,600 are flown with A320neos, split evenly between PW1100G and Leap powered aircraft with the remainder being accounted for by the A319neo and A321neo derivatives.

yourfile

“During the flight, which took the aircraft around southern France, the crew explored the aircraft’s flight envelope and systems operation, while the progress was monitored by experts on the ground in real time via a direct telemetry link,” adds the air framer.

The sortie kick-started a 3,000hr flight-test campaign which will involve eight aircraft variously powered by the PW1100G & CFM International Leap-1A turbofans.

Source : Airbus/Airbus Photos

BUSINESS/REGIONAL NEWS

Dassault Falcon7X Set to Operate from World’s Highest Commercial Airport

Dassault Falcon 7X is poised to become the first traditional business jet to be granted approval to operate from the world’s highest commercial airport, following completion early in September of a two week flight test campaign at China’s Daocheng Yading airport in Sichuan province.

The airframer is hoping to receive Chinese civil aviation authority (CAAC) approval next year to operate from the airport in western China, which is located at an altitude of 14,500ft.

Daocheng opened one year ago and could become a popular destination, Dassault believes, for its critical customer base.

“In recent years China has emerged as one of the biggest aviation markets, and the Falcon line, led by the 7X, has seized a commanding share of this market,” the airframer says, ”Nearly 30 Falcon 7Xs are flying in the country, making China the second-largest market for the long range trijet after the USA.”

The approval will also pave the way for the 7X to take-off and land at elevations up to 15,000ft.

Source: Flightglobal/Dassault

OTHER AVIATION NEWS

Etihad Unveils First 787-9 With New Livery

On September 28th Etihad Airways unveiled its first Boeing 787-9 in its new livery, and will deploy the aircraft on revenue service from December 1.

The aircraft, registered A6-BLA,will be formally delivered to Etihad in December. The airline had earlier the same week showed off the new livery on its first Airbus A380 in Hamburg, but Etihad says the 787-9 will be the first to operate with the new livery on revenue flights.

Dusseldorf and Doha will be the first Etihad destinations to be served with the 787-9 from Abu Dhabi followed by Washington Dulles and Mumbai in the first quarter 2015. From June,   , Etihad will operate the 787-9 to Brisbane and Moscow.

“With the economics of the aircraft, the 787-9 will be one that will be very, central to our flying and future expansion,” says Etihad chief commercial officer Peter Baumgartner at the 787-9 livery unveiling at Boeing’s facilities in Everett, Washington.

Source: Flightglobal

TUI,TUI Travel Agree to Merge

Europe’s biggest tour operator, TUI Travel, and majority owner TUI have agreed to the terms of a merger, creating the world’s largest leisure and tourism group with a combined value of 6.5 billion Euros (USD $8.42 billion).

The deal is in line with details announced in June with TUI Travel shareholders receiving 0.399 new TUI shares for each TUI Travel share.

Investors have long expected a tie-up between the two since TUI Travel was created in 2007 from the merger of Britain’s First Choice and TUI’s travel business, which now owns around 55 percent of the London-listed firm.

The two confirmed that the deal would result in potential cost savings as they cut overlapping functions and delist shares from Germany, plus a tax benefit.

Source : Reuters/Photo Boeing

Structure Assembly of First C919 Aircraft Started 

bb46e688e9a150a

Airframe butt joint of the first C919 aircraft was officially started at the newly established Manufacturing and Final Assembly Center of Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, Ltd (COMAC) on September 19th, and butt joint of forward fuselage and mid fuselage was started in accordance with defined assembly process and flow. This indicates a milestone in the research and development of the C919 program.

It is reported that the airframe structure of the C919 aircraft mainly includes the sections and associated components of nose, forward fuselage, mid fuselage-center wing, outer wing, aileron, mid-aft fuselage, aft fuselage, vertical stabilizer, horizontal stabilizer and movable surfaces, which are designed by the Research And Development Center of COMAC, manufactured respectively by AVIC Chengdu Aircraft Industrial (Group) Co.,Ltd (CAC),AVIC Jiangxi Hongdu Aviation Industry (Group) Co.,Ltd.(HIG), Aerospace Research Institute of Special Materials and Processing Technology, and Zhejiang Xizi Aviation Industry Co., Ltd , and assembled by COMAC Manufacturing and Final Assembly Center.

As of this writing, the forward fuselage, mid fuselage-center wing, mid-aft fuselage and aileron of the C919 aircraft have already passed the airworthiness inspection of the Civil Aviation Administration Of China(CAAC)

Source : COMAC

KLM Celebrates 95th Anniversary in Amsterdam Style

yourfile

KLM Royal Dutch Airlines celebrated its 95th anniversary on October 7th with the unveiling of a special “KLM 95 Years” logo on one of its MD-11 aircraft (pictured) and laying of the first stone for a new KLM lounge at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport.

The “95” logo will also, for the duration of KLM’s anniversary, appear on one aircraft of each type in the carrier’s intercontinental fleet, where passengers flying business class during the anniversary year will receive an exclusive on-board gift of a new KLM Delftware miniature house created for the occasion.

Chief executive Camiel Eurlings, who was joined by his Schiphol group counterpart Jos Nijhuis for the ceremonies, said: “Thanks to the efforts, expertise, and energy of our 33,000 employees, KLM is now the world’s oldest still operation under its original name, and it is important that we celebrate this landmark.

Source : Flightglobal/Picture KLM

CFM Starts Flight Tests of LEAP Engine

leap-1cflyingtestbed

CFM International’s LEAP engine took to the skies for the first time on October 6 on a modified 747 flying test-bed at GE Aviation Flight Test Operations in Victorville, California, launching the next phase of testing for the advanced engine program.

The engine behaved well and completed multiple aeromechnical test points at various altitudes during the nearly three-hour first flight. Over the next several weeks, the engine will complete a comprehensive test schedule that will gauge engine operability, stall margin, performance, and acoustics. The LEAP 1A/-!C variants are on track for engine certification in 2015.

CFM is currently executing the most extensive ground and flight test certification program in its history. The total program, which encompasses all three LEAP engine variants, includes 28 ground and CFM flight test engines, along with a total of 32 flight test engines for Airbus, Boeing, and COMAC.

Source : Reuters/Picture GE Aviation

 

LATEST NEWS IN BRIEF  

  •   Eastern Air Lines has firmed up an order for 20 Mitsubishi Regional Jets(MRJ), following its

signing of a memorandum of understanding at July’s Farnborough air show.

 yourfile

  • Vietnam Airlines’  first A350-900 aircraft enters final assembly.  It is slated for delivery in 2015.
  •   EasyJet UK budget carrier exercises purchase rights on 27 more A320ceos.
  • Bombardier is confident the CSeries is back on track for service entry next year, following its

return to the air earlier in September.

  • Thomson Airways TUI Travel intends to boost to 10 the number of Boeing 787s it has

allocated to UK arm Thomson Airways, having raised its overall Dreamliner order by two to 15         

  • Macquarie the leasing arm of Macquarie AirFinance has signed a firm order for 40 Bombardier

CS300 aircraft for delivery between 2017 and 2019.

  • Okay Airways has taken delivery of its 12th and final Xian Aircraft MA60 under a lease

agreement with AVIC International Leasing and the airframer.

  • Spring Airlines has become the first Chinese carrier to commit to retrofitting sharklet wingtips

on its fleet of Airbus A320s.

  • Garuda Indonesia announced an order for 50 737MAX 8s, valued at $4.9 billion at current list

prices.The order was previously accounted for on Boeing’s Orders and Deliveries Web site,

attributed to an unidentified customer.

  • Embraer has just completed delivery of the first Legacy 500 business jet to an undisclosed

Brazilian launch customer.  It concludes a six year-long process to introduce the first fly-by-wire

aircraft in the midsize category.

yourfile

  • Chinese State Holding Firm signs for 70 Airbus A320s.  The agreement coincides with a visit

to Berlin by Chinese premier Li Keqiang.

 

Air Cargo

Cargolux Completes Heavy Haul

72e15740b476f1e3448cf519c165a993

Cargolux Airlines International recently arranged the transportation of its heaviest piece ever out of Switzerland: a 48-ton-rotor intended to equip a generator in South Korea.  The massive shipment took 12 aircraft positions and required the dedicated attention of a full team of outsize specialists, including the airline’s dedicated Ground Engineering department as well as loadmasters, crane operators, truck drivers, handling agent LuxairCARGO in Luxenbourg and handling agent Asiana at the destination in Seoul.

“Carrying heavy, dense cargo is closed packages such as containers or crates requires extraordinary efforts to ensure safe on-aircraft tie-down: in forward, aft, left, right and up direction.  We can only secure the outer package and have no influnence on what happens to content when exposed to dynamic accelerations,” said Okan Akpinar, Cargolux’ countery manager, Switzerland.

“While it would have been easier for us to lash the rotor directly, we were happy to accommodate the customer’s preference for flying this huge shipment as one single piece, including the lid of the rotor.  Together with the customer, we were able to assess an adequate form-fit and force-fit inside the container; with the lashing applied to specifically designed tie-down lugs dedicated, reinforced outside locations.”

Cargolux uses a self-developed IT application to plan and calculate the correct loading and tie-down of heavy shipments, Akpinar said.

Source: Air Cargo World/Picture Cargolux

 

Researched and Compiled by:

Ed Kaplanian  Commercial Aviation Advisor

Contact Ed at ed@kaplanianreport.com